The Casper Olevian Connection

Casper Olevian
Also known as Kaspar Olevianus

Born 10th August 1536 in Trier, Germany

Married Philippina Metz, after 1561

Died 15th March 1586 in Heidelberg, Germany


Much has been written about Casper Olevian.  He was a very famous religious figure and is still well regarded today.  See Wikepedia, and a dedicated website  with a full biography which makes very interesting reading. Another biography can be found here.

From humble beginnings ( he was the son of a baker) he left Trier aged 13 to study in France. While almost drowning in a river at Bourges, central France, where he was studying, he vowed that if God would spare his life, he would become a minister. True to his promise, he followed the teachings of  John Calvin at Geneva. He then preached the gospel in his native city, Treves (Trier), for which he was imprisoned and driven out. He later became one of the founders of the Reformed Church of Germany and  co-wrote the Heidelberg Catechism. 

He made his last will on 11th March 1587
He died on 15th March 1587 at the age of 50, as a result of an accident, slipping on ice. He left behind his wife, two sons and a daughter. 
He is buried in the church of Herborn, Germany. 

Casper Olevian

How then, did he come to be  in my family tree?

My grateful thanks goes to  both Jacqui Forster, Researcher at Swanage Museum & Heritage Centre, and David White who followed up a question about the Hibbs, White, Smith and Stevens Davis family trees. This led directly to the Sagittary family who came to Blandford from Germany.  Copies of Wills of the Sagittary family were obtained which we think established a link between Casper Olevian and Daniel Sagittary




The Family Tree of Casper Olevian

The father of Casper was Gerhard Von Olewig, a baker in Trier, who was the son of Thiso Olewig. Casper's mother was Anna Sinzig, daughter of Anton Sinzig, Butcher and Master of the Guild of Trier. Gerhard and Anna had seven children.

Casper married Philippina Metz and they had three children, a daughter and two sons, called Elizabeth, Ludwig and Paul.

 Elizabeth Olevian's second marriage was to   Frederick Schutze  who later changed his name to Sagittary.  14 Sep 1605 was the date of their marriage, which took place in Freiberg.

Ludwig Olevian and Paulus Olevian were his two sons who appear not to have married.



One of Casper's relations was Francis Anthony Olevian but it is still unclear how he fits into the family tree. We have read that  Francis  had arrived in England before his brother-in-law (Frederic Schutze) in 1616 which would make him the brother of Elizabeth Olevian, yet her two brothers were Ludwig and Paul.

 Born in 1585 in Germany, he came to study at Oxford  after studying at Heidelberg University and in  Montpellier, Paris.  In Oxford  he gained an M.A and became a Doctor of Medicine. He was also an Astrologer.  He was a man of means and following the loss of Frederick V of Germany of his kingdom was able to get to England in the 1620s with assets, probably mostly in the form of jewellery and gold coin, sufficient to keep him going. 

 Francis Olevian  died in Blandford, Dorset in 1642. 

Frederick Sagittary 
Born in Heregord, Germany

Frederick Sagittary's original name was SCHUTZE (pronounced as "Shoot-zer" . Schutze in German means "archer". When he came to England, it is interesting to note that he changed the family name to Sagittary which is the astrological name Sagittarius, whose sign is represented by an archer. Could this have been  the influence of his astrologer brother-in-law, Francis Anthony Olevian?

Frederick Sagittary held the post of Treasurer to Frederick V, who was the Paslgrave Elector and Palatine of the Rhine. Sagittary would seem to have been an important man and held a high position. With the exile of Frederick V to Holland, Frederick Sagittary and his family had to leave Germany and as Protestant Refugees they came and settled in England. 

What exactly Frederick Sagittary did when he came to England was not recorded, but he had enough money by 1635 to build his family a house. This was the "Old House" built in the Close at Blandford. Perhaps this is where Francis Olevian died. Burial dates for Frederick Sagittary and his wife Elizabeth could not be found. 

The Old House, Blandford 


The  Old House in The Close behind East Street is fairly unique in being one of a few houses to escape the disastrous fire of 1731. It is also something of a curiosity.  It was built about the mid-C17 by a German doctor who held English medical degrees and practiced in Blandford. It is supposed that its origin may explain its Germanic style. It has a strange hipped and steeply pitched roof  and two octagonal chimneys each having 8 attached circular shafts.  English Heritage have given it a grade I listing.

Frederick Sagittary and his wife had at least one son, Joachim Frederick Sagittary who was born in Neumarket, Germany in 1616.
Joachim Frederick Sagittary M.D.

Born 1616 Neumarket, Germany

Married 28 Sep 1653 in Chalbury, Dorset, England

Died 1696 in Blandford, Dorset, England


He attended Queen's College, Oxford and was created BA on 13th August 1636. This ceremony was attended by King Charles 1 with his Queen, Henrietta Maria and his nephew Prince Rupert of the Rhine. 

The family may have lived in Oxford before taking up residence in Blandford. In 1661 Joachim became Doctor of Physics. Hutchins wrote of him "an eminent and learned physician" .


With his wife Elizabeth, he had three daughters and three sons.  All three sons  studied at Oxford gaining degrees.  Sadly one son, Frederick died aged only 23, a year after completing his MA. 


A tantalising drawing of Joachim's Coat of Arms 1627.  Notice the archer (Shutze)

The Will of Joachim Sagittary dated 1694
He left a will which was recorded and can be found in the All England (General) parish and probate records. He was a man of considerable means and was able to leave extensive estates in Dorset at Aller, Ansty and Marnhull and woodcuts to his son John, together with "The Old House"" of Blandford and all his medals of gold and silver and the diamond ring which the Palsgrave gave his father. 

To his son Daniel Sagittary, who became the Rector of Winterbourne Steepleton in Dorset,  he also gave extensive properties and valuables, including "his great grandfather Olevian's Seal Ring." (Wouldn't it be nice to know where that ring is now? In a museum perhaps?)


Please visit or sign the Guestbook where you can leave us a message

You are visitor number Hit Counter by Digits   since 18th June 2010

Bitte besuchen oder Eintrag ins Gästebuch hinterlassen, wo Sie uns eine Nachricht

Back to the Tibblestone Home Page

Last updated 27 February 2011